Florida’s weather has been absolutely gorgeous this month. Temperatures are in the 70’s, low humidity and sunny skies. The conditions were perfect on November 17th to get together at Casa La Sally and make some cheese.
What you ask?
We drink wine but we don’t make cheese. Well, you’d be Wrongo Marylou.
Thanks to the excellent mentoring skills of Jojo Milano of Delilah’s Dairy we Gulpers can now make cheese to go with our wine. (This post is ripe for bad puns and cheesy jokes. I will try to keep them to a minimum). I have to apologize in advance to our loyal followers, this was a hands on class. I didn’t get a ton of notes or even pictures. I did get the process of making paneer cheese pretty well documented and some silly video of the mozzarella making that if it doesn’t instruct you it will make you giggle a little.
Let the cheese making begin!
We start with a few very important and serious instructions. The most important being sanitation. Everything must be clean and sanitized. We made our cheese from Jojo’s fresh whole goat’s milk. It was raw which means it hadn’t been pasteurized which means it is essentially alive. We must treat it with respect and care. All the pots, utensils and such should be well washed and sanitized. Our hands must be well washed and sanitized too. Jojo had a soapy solution with a little bleach in it for our washing needs. One Gulper said she felt like she was prepping for surgery!
Another interesting point was because we were using raw milk our cheese would be considered vegetarian, NOT VEGAN, vegetarian.
You can use store bought milk to make this cheese but you need to make sure it isn’t ultra-homogenized. The process changes the milk radically, removing calcium and changing the protein in a way that makes it unable to cut the cheese. If you don’t have access to raw milk, (please see Jojo), then make sure it is only homogenized. Organic milk can be ulta-homogenized so make sure you read the label. Whole Foods sells one brand that would work, I think it is called 365? Jojo also mentioned Publix Greenwise milk would work too but make sure to read the label! You could use skim or whole milk but keep in mind the butterfat is what gives the cheese more flavor. What’s the point of going through the effort for no flavor? Just my opinion.
Finally, while there is certainly an art to cheese making it is also a science. Directions matter. To get a good curd the milk needs to be at a specific temperature before adding the acid. Rinsing is important to get rid of excess whey and makes the cheese last longer.
Let’s make some Cheese!
Paneer is a fresh simple cheese found much in Southeast Asian cuisine. In the U.S it is called Farmer’s Cheese. In Mexico it is Queso Fresca. It is made with milk and an acid like lemon, citric acid, vinegar or yogurt. In our lesson we used goat milk from Delilah Dairy and vinegar from Publix. The recipe calls for 1 gallon of milk to a 1/2 cup of vinegar for approximately a pound of cheese.
Here is what we did:
1. In a large saucepan bring the milk to 187 degrees stirring constantly. Do not stir vigorously or you might spill the milk and then someone might start crying and that would be well, crying over spilled milk and just not done.
2. Once it is at temp slowly add the vinegar. This will make the milk curd which will become the cheese. Note: even though the directions are for a half cup of vinegar we needed to add an additional 1/4 cup to get a good curd. Jojo said that was fine. “While there is definitely a science to cheesing making it is also an art”, wisely advised the day’s sage.
3. Once the curd is formed begin spooning it out of the pan and into a cheese cloth covered colander. This allows the whey to continue to drain. After scooping out all of the curd from the pot pick up the edges of the cheese cloth and twist to continue draining away the whey or a whey it goes! (I couldn’t help myself).
4. Take the curd in the cheese cloth to the sink and rinse it under running water. Then twist again to squeeze out water and any left over whey. Be careful not to over squeeze. Too much and all you will have left is no curds and whey. Seriously, too much and it will reduce the amount of cheese produced.
5. This is now for all intents and purposes cheese. But how do we make it taste good? Well you gouda add herbs, ( I swear no more), but first add salt. IMPORTANT: Do not use iodized salt. It will turn the cheese green! I am not kidding it is true. Use kosher or canning salt to season the cheese. Here let Jojo explain:
The recipe for the mozzarella is as follows:
don't start heating till :
2. in 1/4 cup of chilled water add 1/4tsp of rennet put back in fridge
in 1/4 cup of chilled water add 1.5 tsp of citric acid
in% cup of chilled water add 1/4 tsp of lipase powder chill in fridge 20 minutes till
1. with room temp milk add the lipase powder and the citric acid and stir stir stir.
2. heat milk to 88 ° (i can sometimes go up to 90 °)
3. pour in rennet. stirring as you go. up and down motions for about 30 seconds.
just make sure all rennet is stirred into milk.
4. make sure milk is still at 88-90 ° a bit above is fine.
5. take milk off stove and let sit for 20-50 minutes. cover it.
6. at 20 min. check to see if you have one giant curd. stick your finger in to test.
should look custard like. if not, leave it alone.
7. Cut curds into 1 inch squares.
8. put on the stove to heat it up again to about 105-108 ° to firm things up a bit. or
if a good firm curd just let sit for another 10 minutes. can remove soMe whey.
you can start to stir to mix the curds. they should start sticking together and first
look of gooey mozzarella is starting.
9. take off stove and pour out tome of the whey. are curds melding tOgether? if
not, put back on stove to heat up to 108 °
10. ladle the cheese into a colander (plastic is fine), start to fold curds into each
other, get the whey out. should be clear.
11. take the big ball of curd and place in a microwave bowl. place in the
microwave 30-50 seconds (my microwave) where its almost too hot to touch.
and start playing with it. seeing a stretch starting, when slightly cooled to touch
determine if its too soft or too hard, or not pulling enough put in microwave for
another 30 sec. repeat above.
12. add some salt to itkeep pulling
At this point you should have a lovely shiny, long, stretchy mozzarella.
13. rope. braid. roll.
14. stick in an ice water bath to chill the moz... 10 minutes.
It was an amazing evening. The setting was perfect. The friends were perfect and the cheese beyond all expectations. I butter quit for now. I camembert for the next event!
Keep Your Eyes open for these upcoming Events
Check out what is happening October 27th! It's a field trip!
More Info to Come, just starting to gather info now. Plan is to rent a van and have it tote us around, stopping at Tequesta Brewing Company, Bx Beer Depot, World of Beers, Due South and do tastings at each location. Like I say, I am just starting to do the legwork now, so just save the date now.wine-making state.
Let me know as soon as you know you are interested so I can plan accordingly
PAYPAL AT GOTTSCHALK.COREEN@GMAIL.COM.
the cost of this event will be in the range of $30-$35. Purchasing beer at the stops will not be included so that you can budget your flights or single pints for yourself. Your price will include a delicious "lining your bellies" lunch at the Serenity Garden Tea House and your transportation for the day. Timeline and More to come